Brother MFC 8460N

Brother's MFC-8460N is part of a series that includes the MFC-8660DN, MFC8860DN and MFC-8870DW. These are combined printer, scanner, copier and fax machines. This family of machines are sometimes called the MFC-8000 series. The DCP-8060 and DCP-8065DN use the same engine but are just printers and digital copiers.

DCP-8060, 30ppm printer, scanner copier. Flatbed scanner optical resolution 600x2400. DCP-8065DN, 30ppm printer, scanner copier. Flatbed auto-duplex scanner. Ethernet. Both printers have PCL6 and BR-Script

MFC-8460N, Windows GDI 33.6kbFax with 40 one-touch dials MFC-8660DN, Mostly Asian market MFC-8860DN, Extended MFC-8860DN with scan to FTP, LDAP, auto duplex scanner and printer MFC-8870DW, As the MFC-8860DN with 802.11b/g Wireless Interface.

The 8460 is the basic model perhaps best suited to individual users with Microsoft Windows. The 8860DN has auto-duplex scanning and the 8870DW has those features and wireless networking. Scan to email requires manual input of the address. No USB memory drive support. Scan a color page to PDF is slow - nearly a minute.These printers are all based on the HL-5200 series introduced in 2005. They are still good machines but Brother brought out a new HL-5300 engine in April 2009 and that bought two new additions to the MFC-8000 series: the MFC8480DN and MFC8890DW.

Control:

Brother MFC 8870DW Control Panel

The MFC-8000 series all have a fax-copier control panel with a 5-line 22 character display and a numeric keypad. A function-lock restricts public access to certain functions.

Duty Cycle:

We only have secondary sources on this, which give a figure of 20,000 pages per month. Brother themselves don't usually seem to give "duty" figures. Such figures are rather meaningless. There is a choice of 3,500 or 7,000 copy cartridges whilst the fuser, rollers and laser are rated for 100,000 pages.

Upto 28 pages per minute Black. Auto Duplex printing is at up to 13 ppm.

1200 dpi, HQ1200 (2400 x 600 dpi), 600 dpi, 300 dpi

Copy:

Copy Speed: Up to 19 copies per minute (A4 Size)

Resolution: Max. 1200 x 600 dpi

Reduction/ Enlargement: 25% - 400% in 1% increments

Multi Copy (Stacking): Up to 99

Multi Copy(2 in 1, 4 in 1): Yes

Multi Copy (Sorting): Yes

Poster: Yes

Duplex Copying: Yes, with the 8065DN (Document Scanning and Copying)

Scanner:

Colour/Mono: Colour

Resolution - Optical (Max.): 600 x 2,400 dpi

Resolution - Interpolated (Max.): 19,200 x 19,200 dpi

Greyscale Levels: 256

TWAIN Compliant: Yes (TWAIN and WIA for XP)

Viewer(with OCR): ScanSoft PaperPort (for Windows), Presto! PageManager (for Macintosh)

Scan to FTP: Yes

These printers are closely related digital copier and multifunction machines. DCP-8060, DCP-8065DN, MFC-8460N, MFC-8660DN, MFC-8860DN, and MFC-8870DW. Users report that the scanner ADF gives some trouble if it is asked to handle more than a few sheets, but nevertheless its good value at the price.

Fax:

Modem Speed:3,600 bps

Transmission Speed: Approx. 2 sec. per page

Coding System:MH / MR / MMR / JBIG

Gray Scale Levels: 256

Delayed Timer: Yes (Up to 50 timers)

Broadcasting:Up to 390 locations

Page Memory: Up to 600 pages (Brother #1Chart, Standard Resolution)

One Touch Dialing:40 (20 x 2) locations

Speed Dialing:Up to 300 locations

Dual Access:Yes

ECM (Error Correction Mode):Yes

Group Dialing:Up to 20 groups

Fax Forwarding:Yes

Paging:No

Remote Access:Yes

Paper Handling:

Paper Tray and Parts

Paper Capacity:Up to 250 pages (80 g/m2, 20 lb)

MP Tray Capacity: Up to 50 pages (80 g/m2, 20 lb)

Paper Capacity w/ Optional:Up to 550 pages (80 g/m2, 20 lb)

Output Paper Capacity: Up to 150 pages (Face Down)

MultiPurpose Tray (1):

Fold down Multipurpose Tray (MP tray) with a capacity of up to 50 sheets of 80gsm office paper. The tray has adjustable guides for feeding anything from postcard and envelope to slightly oversized paper. See the user guide for details.

Paper Path

Tray 2:

Cassette integrated into the printer base for 250 sheets on all models.

Sizes: A4, Letter, B5 (ISO), A5, B6, A6, Exe

Types: Plain Paper, Bond Paper, Recycled Paper, Transparencies.

Weights 60 - 105gsm

Tray 3:

Up to 250-sheet trays type LT-5300. Optional trays take A4, Letter, B5 (ISO), A5, B6, Exe

Face Down:

Standard output to the top of the printer holds 150 sheets.

Duplex:

Two-side printing is provided with an auto-duplex unit on the MFC-8860DN and MFC-8870DW.

Processor:

At a guess it will be as for the HL-5200 series - a Fujitsu SPARClite 266MHz processor

Memory:

32 MB / up to 544 Mbyte (1 DIMM 144pin slot 64, 128, 256, 512MB)

Interface:

Parallel (IEEE-1284) High-Speed USB 2.0 Ethernet 10/100 BaseTX

Network:

10BaseT/100BaseTX Ethernet standard on the DCP-8065DN.As well as the built-in ethernet port the printers can be attached to external print servers. However note that support for the scanner function on non -Brother print servers may be absent.

Network Protocols:

The MFC-8860DN and MFC-8870DW support the TCP/IP Protocols.

Windows GDI

System Compatability:

Windows and Mac OS

Dimensions:

531 x450 x 475mm (20.9 x 17.7 x 18.7 inch)

Weight:

16.5 kg (36.4 lb) (w/o process unit)

Consumables:

Standard - Approx. 3500 pages

SA4/Letter size paper @ 5% coverage

High Yield - Approx. 7000 pages A4/Letter size paper @ 5% coverage

US cartridges are TN-550/580

EU cartridges are TN-3130/3170

Asian cartridges are TN-3145/TN-3185

There is more information on the toner

Drum:

Brother DR-3100 Drum Unit

The printer drum has a yield of 25,000 pages. The printer will continue to work when the drum warning is given and can be used until drum wear gives a print problem (probably faded print or streaking)

Drum

DR-3100 - Approx. 25000 pages (1 page/job)

Fuser:

HL-5200 Series Fuser

Laser printer fusers adhere toner to the page using a combination of pressure and heat. Fusers fail when the non-stick surface wears out and the printer will warn of this after 100,000 pages. Fusers can fail more quickly if they are used with innapropriate toner or media.

LU0214001 110 Volt Fixing Unit (Yield 100,000 pages)

LU0215001 230 Volt Fixing Unit (Yield 100,000 pages)

LU0217001 230 Volt Fixing Unit EUR (Yield 100,000 pages)

There are two 230 Volt fusers listed and used in the UK and EU. Both are available from UK distributors although the LU0217001 seems to be the common code.

The 110Volt fuser is normally used in the US but there may be uses in the UK such as construction sites.

The fuser is not particularly easy to change. Details are given in the service manual. There is some further information on our site

here.

Maintenance Kit:

Use the periodic maintenance kits.

Buy Spares for this Printer.

Spares:

The printer shares a parts list with the MFC8870DW, MFC8860DN, MFC8460N. the printer itself shares parts with the HL-5200 series.

Most spares appear to be available in February 2010. Those commonly required are:

Spares

LM6753001 - MP Paper Feed Roller Separation Pad for Periodic Maintenance. Needed when the printer gives the message "REPLACE PF KIT MP".

LM6752001 - Multipurpose Separation Pad.

LM5165001 - Multipurpose Roller and Holder Assembly - double roller in holder.

LM5852001 - Feed Roller Assembly Separation Pad Kit for Periodic Maintenance.

Needed when the printer gives the message "REPLACE PF KIT1" etc. "REPLACE PF KIT2" raises the same issue for tray 2 if fitted. They also take the LM5852001 Kit.

LM5140001 - Roller in Holder Assembly on Underside of chassis

LM5237001 - Separation Pad Assembly in paper cassette / tray.

Brother LM5852001

Spares

LM5239001 - Separation Pad Spring under the Pad

LM5739001 - Paper Tray Unit (UK and European Models)

LM5247001 - Lift Gear 46 - Quarter gear item labelled 1-5 on diagram.

LM5750001- Laser Unit

For the ADF Unit

LE2919001 - ADF Document Feed Roller and Holder

LE6244001 - ADF Hinge Base Right (small hinge)

LE6245001 - ADF Hinge Arm Right

LF9644001 Document Cover Legal Sub Assy (ADF Mechanism Base)

LF9703001 ADF Hinge Assembly Left.

UF9009001 Pressure Roller for ADF - 4 Used

LM5274001 Rear Cover (for AL) Exit path

The PCB Assemblies tend to be quite expensive and on a lead time of 7-10 days. They are sealed and not returnable. Notice that changing the main PCB will require access to Maintenance Mode settings to reset serial numbers etc and it is recommended only to technicians with access to a service manual.

LG6566001  Main PCB Assembly,  DCP8060 (Except China)        B53K830 

LG6567001  Main PCB Assembly, DCP8065DN                            B53K830

LG6552004  Main PCB Assembly, MFC8460N (Except China)     B53K830

LG6563004  Main PCB Assembly, MFC8860DN (Except China)   B53K830

LG6568004  Main PCB Assembly, MFC8870DW (Except China)  B53K830

 
LG5923054  NCU PCB ASSY, MFC8460N/MFC8860DN/MFC8870DW         B53K786

LG5923052   NCU PCB ASSY, MFC8460N/MFC8860DN/MFC8870DW FOR  UK/ FRA/ SPA/ ITA/RUS/PND/GNR  B53K786

LG5923056  NCU PCB ASSY, MFC8460N/MFC8860DN/MFC8870DW FOR   CHE  B53K786

LG6872001 NCU PCB ASSY, MFC8460N/MFC8860DN FOR ZAF  

Buy Spares for this Printer.

Fault Finding:

Fault finding for the HL-5200 print mechanism is covered here.
 
A common additional fault with the scanner is that the hinges at the rear break. The ADF assembly in the lid is quite heavy so to make it lighter for the user it has a spring assisted hinge. After some use these hinges wear out and break. Replacement

Scanner:

The hardware that makes the DCP digital copiers and MFC multifunction copiers different from mere printers is a scanner with an ADF. The scanner base contains a CCD module, some optics and a drive motor. On its own this scanner requires the user to place documents in the right position which is slightly time consuming. If a document is to be double sided positioning and scanning can result in several spoilt copies and wasted time. Scanning straight from the document glass uses a relatively straight forward mechanism and can handle things like books and magazine pages that could not pass through the ADF (or not without breaking their bindings). The scanner motor drives the CCD (A Charge Coupled Device op to-sensor) along its guide rails via a toothed rubber belt. A cold-cathode lamp illuminates the document to be scanned and a mirror and lense focus the document image on the CCD.



Brother MFC_8870 (etc) Scanner Cross Section 

The ADF (Automatic Document Feeder) takes a stack of up to 50 documents and places them quickly and accurately in the scanning position. The DN and DW printers have an ADF that can turn the page over itself to scan the other side.

The ADF takes over if it finds paper in Document Sensor 1. When the ADF operates the CCD scanner stays in a fixed place under the ADF and the ADF motor transports the page across it.

First the pick-up roller pulls the page inwards. The separation roller and pad ensure that only the top page in a stack actually move. Because the pickup and separation rollers deal with a stack of paper of varying characteristics with paper sliding over the flock of sheets beneath they tend to wear most rapidly and may need replacing from time to time.

Whilst scanning is in progress the paper feed solenoid disengaes the pick-up and separation rollers from the gear chain so that the next page does not follow immediately.

The document travels between feed roller sets 1, 2 and 3, over the CCD scanner between rollers 3 and 4 and out through the eject rollers onto the scanner lid.

If the document is to be duplex scanned it is placed face up in the feed chute and travels the same path, except that Flaps A, B and C direct it into the switch-back route towards the SB rollers where it is now face down. The flaps change position and the document now passes again through rollers 2 and 3 so the other side can be scanned. The position of the switch-back flaps is controlled by the switch-back solenoid.

I Although the ADF is rated for "up to 50 pages" users apparently find that it works more reliably fed with fewer at a time. It might be worth pointing out that professional scanners like the Canon DR3020 or HP 9250C Digital Sender cost more than the whole Brother MFC-8870DW.

Whats-In-The-Box:

These printers are a design introduced in 2006 and were succeeded in April 2009. Printers may still be in distribution in March 2010. Brokers and refurbisher are likely to offer the printer as-is or complete with a recycled toner. The user manual can be found on the Internet. Linux systems come with drivers built in for HL-5240, HL-5250DN and HL-5270DN using BR-Script3.

Warranty:

Originally provided with a 3 year warranty.

Service:

We offer repair in North East England

We are researching service and repair options for these printers.


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Maintenance Mode:

Maintenance modes are intended only for use by technicians. The Brother service manual says"the maintenance-mode functions ... should be accessed by service personnel only"

Note that it is possible to lose all the machine's setting and indeed to make it unusable by changing maintenance mode settings.

Brother recommend that end users should only be given access to a limited range of functions indicated by a * below which can be accessed by pressing menu, start, menu and uparrow (^). This gives the display "MAINTENANCE 10" on the LCD. To go back to standby press the stop/exit key.

At one time it was arguable that only trained and experienced personal should have access to maintenance modes. Equipment was expensive and IT skills were rare in the general population.

Given the low price of modern printers and the rising cost of technician time many people will not want to pay a call-out fee so if users are denied Maintenance Mode information the printer is effectively scrap. Scrapping a printer because the maintenance count on a pickup roller can't be reset wouldn't make sense.

Press Menu and Start Keys. Then press the uparrow (^) key four times to make the machine enter maintenance mode.

Models with a numeric keypad can type press menu then *,2, 8, 6, 4 in sequence

Either way the machine should beep and display || MAITNENANCE || on the LCD.

The two digit codes below change to the mode given. Type the 2 digit code, for instance 0 6 puts the CCD in transport position and prompts for the user to put the lock on.

Most modes exit implicitly or on pressing the Stop/Exit key.

Function code 88 controls the maintenance counts and is the only one that should normally be changed.

When the machine displays || MAITNENANCE || Press 8,8

The machine displays "Parts Replacement"

Press UpArrow or DownArrow to select an item. As they are pressed the display shows

Press OK or Start to reset the selected counter. The machine returns to the first stage of maintenance mode.

To exit without resetting press Stop

Options and Accessories:

LT-5300 -Lower Tray Unit (Input Paper Tray)